Biomass Conversion and Utilization

Photos of biomass research

Researchers are developing novel biological, biochemical and thermochemical approaches to efficient biomass conversion for value-added products and their effective utilization. Challenges being addressed include:

Alternative Applications for Forest Biomass

Finding improved uses for forest-based materials and biomass.

Biobased Adhesive from Residues of Biorefineries

Modifying lignin (residue from cellulosic biofuels) for use as heat-cured adhesives to replace fossil-based adhesives.

Biodegradable Lignin-based Plastics

Developing biodegradable plastics using lignin from biomass substituting polystyrene from petroleum.

Biodegradable Surfmers for Commercial Emulsion Systems

Developing biobased surfmers, a reactive surfactants, as emulsifiers for the emulsion polymerization of latex products to eliminate the loss in performance suffered by these products due to surfactant migration and surface enrichment.  

Bioenergy Supply Chain Policy Outcomes

Assessing state-level energy policy effectiveness across the bioenergy supply chain (extraction, conversion, and generation).  

Biology of Fungal Decomposition

Understanding fundamental mechanisms of fungal decomposition and their applications to sustainable energy. 

Building Community-based Bioeconomies to Advance Production, Resource Conservation, and Rural Community Vitality

Environmental and economic assessment of biomass-derived substitutes of food, energy and materials in agricultural supply chains. 

Development of High Biomass Content Coatings and Adhesives

Developing new monomers and synthesis techniques to incorporate renewable biomass into coating and adhesive formulations.

Fundamentals and Applications of Photosynthetic Microorganisms

Researching physiological enhancement to photosynthesis and carbon uptake in photosynthetic microorganisms.

Lignin Utilization as Filler and Co-polymer in Biodegradable Plastics

Developing lignin based polymers and co-polymers with biopolymers such as PLA as biodegradable plastics.

Nanofibrillation of Cellulose and Wood Biomass

Developing and applying high surface area cellulose nanofibers from woody biomass. 

Non-wood Fiber Utilization for Paper Manufacturing

Exploring multiple converson approaches using agricultural residues such as cereal straw, flax straw, corn stover, hemp for alternative papermaking fiber applications.

Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance

Exploring questions such as can cellulosic biofuels meet carbon emissions reduction targets of renewable energy policies economically?

Novel Biocatalysis Approaches for Biofuels and Value-added Bioproducts

Characterizing enzymes from model bacteria that produce high-value oils or waxes to better determine ways to produce specific products such as biodiesel.

Novel Biorefining Approaches

Converting biomass to fuels, heat, materials and chemicals through innovative mechanical, biological, and thermochemical processes

Novel Cellulosic Bioactive Materials and Applications

Developing bioactive cellulosic materials for bioprocessing, bio-based polymers and composite materials, and carbonized structures for electronic applications.

Sensing and Computer Applications in the Production of Switchgrass as Energy Crop

Studying on-site specific weed management for switchgrass establishment by detecting weeds using machine vision and hyperspectral analysis.

Value-added Bioproducts from Agricultural Residues and Waste Materials

Effective bioconversion of agricultural residues and dairy manure into value-added bioproducts such as lipids and biogas.

Waste Not: Closing the Loop on Organics Wastes

Identifying and valuing organic wastes across the food production, processing and distribution system.